Nature Trust of New Brunswick


Baseline report: A baseline report is a preliminary report conducted by Nature Trust staff or volunteers to determine the ecological significance, usage, potential threats, history, etc. of an area that is being considered for conservation. These reports are often used to help with the development of a management plan for the land once it has been conserved.

Board of Directors: A Board of Directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee activities to ensure that all organizational values and goals are met. See ours here.

Environmentally Significant Areas (ESAs): ESAs are defined as places that are distinctive because (a) they contain rare species of animals or plants or rich diversity of species representative of an ecological zone; (b) their disturbance would have serious ecological consequences or; (c) they contain geological or other features of specific scientific interest.[1] ESAs do not represent government policy and do not necessarily require legal protection. They are intended to be an information tool to help inform land-use planning and policy at local, regional and provincial scales.[2]

Important Bird Areas (IBAs): An Important Bird Area (IBA) is an area recognized as being globally important habitat for the conservation of bird populations. Currently there are about 10,000 IBAs worldwide. The program was developed and sites are identified by BirdLife International. For more information, visit:

Land Trust: A non-profit, non-government, charitable organization that may be provincial, regional or national in focus, operating to acquire and conserve land for its ecological, historical, agricultural, or recreational significance. The Nature Trust’s goals are to conserve areas for their ecological significance and to provide natural habitat to plant and animal species.

Management plan: After land has been conserved by the Nature Trust, a management plan is created to provide background information about the nature preserve (e.g. location, history, landowner requests, maps, biological inventories, etc.). A management plan may also identify conservation goals and actions for the future to ensure proper stewardship of the land.

Monitoring report: Monitoring reports are completed by Nature Trust Land Stewards at least once per year and are submitted to the Nature Trust They provide detailed information about the nature preserves, including any changes or disturbances observed (such as illegal dumping, etc.), wildlife or invasive species observations, trail requirements, and more. The reports are used by stewardship staff and volunteers to plan stewardship activities and events like restoration, trail maintenance, or cleanup days.

Natural heritage: Like a region’s cultural heritage shapes its identity, natural heritage defines the identity of a region based on its unique biodiversity and ecological characteristics. The Nature Trust works to maintain and strengthen the diverse natural heritage of the entire province of New Brunswick, to ensure it is sustained for all life to thrive within.

Nature preserve: The Nature Trust’s network of conserved properties are called nature preserves.

Restoration: Many of our nature preserves have been used for multiple purposes before being acquired and managed as a conserved area. For example, Hyla Park Nature Preserve in Fredericton was once used as a gravel extraction site and an illegal racecar track; now, this wetland sanctuary provides habitat to numerous species of frog and toad. Restoration occurs in the form of rehabilitating land back into its natural state, or reintroducing native species back into an environment.

Species at risk / SAR: Plant or animal species that are at risk of becoming extinct or extirpated, requiring special attention through various conservation measures such as monitoring programs, habitat conservation, reintroduction to an area, etc. The Nature Trust protects habitat for many species at risk.

Species at Risk Act (SARA): The Species at Risk Act (SARA) became law in Canada on December 12, 2002. The Act provides the basis for the federal government to legally protect wildlife species, preventing their extinction, ensuring necessary action is taken for recovery, and conserving biological diversity. For more information, visit:

Stewards (or Land Stewards): The Nature Trust has a network of trusted volunteers (Stewards) who watch over their nature preserves, reporting disturbances and monitoring changes. They visit their selected nature preserve at least once per year and complete monitoring reports. Stewards can be individuals or groups. For example, Blueberry Hill Nature Preserve has a stewardship group of over 100 individuals, called the Friends of Blueberry Hill, who monitor and care for the preserve. They have completed various restoration projects at the preserve and even built a walking bridge to give the community access to the trail system.

Stewardship: The responsible overseeing and protection of something considered worth caring for and preserving. In the case of the Nature Trust, once land has been conserved, it is their responsibility to ensure it is properly cared for and managed into the future. Stewardship is one of the Nature Trust’s main pillars supported by a stewardship committee and a network of over 150 volunteer land stewards.

Strategic Conservation Planning: Conservation planning is a strategic approach that allows for proactive conservation. It begins primarily with geographic information system (GIS) analysis of scientific data about species and habitat to identify areas with high conservation value. Areas may be deemed of high conservation value for a number of reasons. Some examples include biodiversity hotspots, presence of species at risk or their habitat, declining, rare, unique, or unprotected ecosystems, wildlife corridors, and land with aesthetic, cultural, or recreational value. See here for more information.


The Nature Trust of New Brunswick
404 Queen St. 3rd floor
P.O. Box 603, Station A
Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A6
Phone: (506)457-2398
Fax: (506)450-2137

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Part of the NB Biodiversity Collaborative